Research Methods: Methods for Data Collection

In-depth rubric explanations, examples, and video exemplars.


Highest Quality Rating (3 points)

Presenters talk, in detail, about their method(s) (e.g. literature review, personal testimony, survey, interview, observation), how they gathered the data, and type of data analysis.

Written Example: In their presentation to the local school board about bullying, the youth presenters share the details of their survey– how they created it, what research questions were guiding the survey, how and who they distributed it to. They state how many people participated in the survey and how they had to throw out two surveys because they were incomplete. They then discuss how they computed results from the closed-answer questions in the survey and how they analyzed themes for the open-ended questions.  

Video Example: Presenters identify the sources for their background information and they provide details about their methods. They explain that they administered surveys to two different groups to see if there are differences in access to resources, and also justified the selected age range of survey participants. Presenters explain their sharing of only two  of the survey questions because of how these questions connect with their proposed solution. The students also present data results for each group surveyed individually and discuss the importance of the comparison of the results.

Mid-Quality Rating (2 points)

Presenters mention their method(s) but do not provide detail how or why they went about their data collection or analysis.

Written Example: The students tell the school board that they conducted a survey to get student perspectives on bullying, and they provide some descriptive statistics about the results. But they do not provide details, such as information about how many students participated or what questions were asked in the survey.  This leaves the school board confused and with a limited understanding of the severity of bullying in their school district.

Video Example: Presenters mention their methods, and state that students were participants within their survey, however it is not indicated if survey was random, if only a specific segment of study body was selected, or how the results were analyzed. Presenter states that the food for the taste test they provided was based off what foods the students like, however there is no discussion of how this data was collected.

Lower Quality Rating (1 point)

Presenters do not mention their methods or mention any data to support argument.

Written Example: The students presentation on bullying to the local school board argue that the issue is severe and affects many students. They do not provide any data or information for how they know that bullying is an urgent issue that needs to be addressed in their schools.

Video Example: Throughout the presentation the youth reference assumed knowledge such as tension between youth and police officers or the lack of safe places for children to play, but do not mention sources for this information or how it was collected.