When young people work on action civics projects, they often do so collaboratively. Collaboration is when people work together toward a jointly understood goal. In the course of the development of a presentation, collaboration can happen at many points (i.e. design, formulation of topic, etc), but for the purposes of this particular construct, collaboration is visible to the observer through the delivery of the culminating performance.

High levels of collaboration are notable by presenters sharing speaking turns, when presenters help each other, the use of plural possessive pronouns, and when presenters are attuned to each other.

Low levels of collaboration are observed when presenters use highly individualistic pronouns, one team member dominates the ‘stage’ or there are clear signs of confusion or disorder among speakers. Click on the elements below to view the training materials for each.

1. Sharing Presentation Time. High levels of collaboration are evident when the work of a presentation is equally shared between team members.

2. Transitions across Speakers. A highly collaborative team will easily transition between each other throughout the presentation.

3. Assistance if Someone Falters. A good team will take of its members. Click here to view videos and examples presenters providing assistance to one another when they falter.